The Rehabilitation and Community-based Poverty Reduction Project (RCPRP) was formulated and approved in 2003 and became effective in 2006. The strategic objectives of the project are: (i) restored and improved agricultural production capacity and household food security; (ii) strengthened community and farmer-based organizations; (iii) established mechanisms for participatory community development and (iv) rehabilitated and expanded rural infrastructure. The project components are: (a) support to household recapitalization and farming activities development, (b) support to community-based institutions and participatory development, (c) rural infrastructure rehabilitation and development, and (d) project management. In December 2010, the RCPRP also received additional funds to establish the Capacity Building Plan that supports the district and ward committees and their capacities. With another supplementary financing in 2013, the project that was initially piloted in the four districts of Kenema, Kailahun, Kono and Koinadugu has now been up-scaled to a national level.
Since 2009, RCPRP achievements and interventions have become the reference point in the country for innovative and effective approaches to rehabilitating tree crop cultivation, inland valley swamps and feeder roads, and developing local road maintenance systems. Support has also been provided to local government, especially at the ward level. Notable achievements include the rehabilitation of 7,985 ha of cocoa and coffee plantations; 2,440 ha of inland valley swamps rehabilitated, allowing rice and counter-season agricultural production; construction of 106 ward infrastructure; and upgrading of 890.7 km of feeder roads, permitting mobility and circulation of traffic in rural areas, thereby facilitating access to markets and chiefdom headquarter towns and providing employment for the youths. To ensure the sustainability of these investments, a road maintenance system has been established in four districts on a pilot basis, partially financed by the new national feeder road maintenance fund, which IFAD helped establish in 2011. On the other hand, the agricultural investment is been done on recovery system that allows the establishment of the Agricultural Development Fund in the FSAs and CBs which is now to the tune of US$339,025. This amount is now having a multiplier effect because it is revolving amongst smallholder farmers in the form of loans. Approximately, 7CBs and 15 FSAs have benefitted from this refinance facility with an outreach of 1,243 farmers of which 41% are women.