Since 2008, Sierra Leone has become a major destination for large scale private sector investment in Agriculture. Presently, there are over 30 multinational companies that have full scale investment in the country, with a whole lot of other companies planning to join the investment rail on a daily basis. For various reasons as you can see below, Sierra Leone has proven to be a suitable agricultural depot among its global peers.
Easy to do Business: Sierra Leone has invariably been recognized as one of the foremost nations to do business. Laws regarding business registration and operation are investment friendly and have been made available online for easy access. The duration for registration of business could as short as between one day and one week.
Land Potential: Sierra Leone covers 72,300 km² or 7.23 million ha of which 5.4 million ha are potentially cultivable. 74 percent of the total area of the country is considered arable land, but only less than 15 percent is currently cropped in any year. The land tenure system in Sierra Leone is of communal/customary ownership and authority for allocation is vested with the traditional local authorities.
Eco-diversity: there are five ecosystems where farming is practiced in the country. These are Upland, inland Valley Swamp, Mangrove Swamp, Bolilands and Riverine Grassland.
Upland agro-ecology represents approximately 80 percent; and the rest are lowlands with potential for high crop yield under sound management practices. The lowlands comprise 690,000 ha inland swamps, 145,000 ha of natural grass drainage depressions (bolilands), 130,000 of riverine grassland and 20,000 ha of mangrove swamps.
Agro-Climatic Condition Sierra Leone´s climate provides two distinct seasons: a dry season from December to March and a wet season from April to November. Rainfall is abundant, ranging from over 4,000 mm in the West to about 2,000 mm in the North given an annual average of about 3,000 mm for the country. Average means monthly temperatures rage from 23 to 29 °C.
The country has nine major and three minor perennial rivers that can be used for irrigation during the dry season, but are currently not utilized.
With a coastal line of about 340 km, the country has important fisheries resources. Sierra Leone is potential to develop an advanced agriculture sector in the future. The geography, natural conditions, human resources in Sierra Leone is suitable for large scale agricultural production.